National Recovery and Resilience Plan – Implementation

The Minister for Southern Italy and Territorial Cohesion is in charge of measures included within Mission 5 – Component 3 (M5C3) of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan, reserved for “Special Interventions on Territorial Cohesion”.

Mission 5 – Component 3 (M5C3) aims to reduce gaps across the Country. Specifically, it aims to address disparities:

  • at demographic and services level, linked to the distances between urban and inner/rural, mountain and peripheral areas, in order to guarantee equal levels of essential services and revitalisation of specific productive vocations;
  • at skills enhancement level, with a view to innovation involving enterprises, research centres and public bodies;
  • at socio-economic and investment level in Southern regions, where the economic crisis is hitting a weaker supply chain and a more fragmented labour market.

In order to attain these objectives successfully, the M5C3 encompasses two areas of intervention:

  • A plan for resilience of inner, peripheral and mountainous areas, to promote integrated development across the Country and avert depopulation of areas not directly connected to primary road network;
  • Projects for Southern Italy’s development, including investments to counter educational poverty, promote requalification and re-use of assets confiscated to organised crime, enhance infrastructures and strengthen Special Economic Zones (SEZs).


Strengthening Special Economic Zones (SEZs)
M5C3 Reform 1 

Simplifying procedures and strengthening the roles of Special Commissioners in Special Economic Zones.


  • Simplifying the governance system
  • Reducing implementation timing.



>> What are SEZs?
>> Italy’s 8 active SEZs to date
>> Summary of the reform
>> Investments in SEZs – National Recovery and Resilience Plan (M5C3I4 under the Ministry for  Sustainable Infrastructures and Mobility)

Find info on the measure in the Italia Domani website


National Strategy for Inner Areas
M5C3 Investment 1 – €825 million

Inner areas stretch over approximately three-fifths of the whole national territory and are located across the Country. In order to promote their revitalisation and enhancement, investments are required to enhance the attractiveness of these places, reversing their declining trends (infrastructural, demographic, economic), and fostering development mechanisms.



  • Strengthening and improving social services and infrastructures
  • Encouraging healthcare facilities accessibility, through a widespread network of pharmacies
  • Promoting the economic and social recovery of inner areas
  • Increasing the deployment of community services and social infrastructures to improve quality of life
  • Countering depopulation in the areas mapped by the National Strategy for Inner Areas
  • Enhancing local authorities' knowledge of assets
  • Strengthening the territorial healthcare network.



Disadvantaged groups (elderly, young people at risk of social exclusion), citizens and visitors/tourists of inner areas.


Find info on the measure in the Italia Domani website


The measure provided in the National Recovery and Resilience Plan consists of the following two investments:

Strengthening community services and social infrastructure
M5C3 Investment 1.1 – €725 million

The intervention aims at remedying social distress and fragility conditions, through intensified service delivery (to elderly, young people in difficulty, social welfare services, etc.).

The overall €725 investment includes a first action reserved for Southern Italy’s municipalities (budget: €225 million), launched before the National Recovery and Resilience Plan approval, and a second action aimed at all the municipalities located within inner areas (€500 million).

TARGET POPULATION: At least 2 million inhabitants of inner areas, of whom about 900,000 in Southern Italy.



Local healthcare services
M5C3 Investment 1.2 – €100 million

The consolidation of rural pharmacies in urban centres with less than 3,000 inhabitants aims at enabling them to provide local healthcare services and better cover the range of healthcare services necessary to the population of these marginalised areas (integrated home care; second-level assistance; diagnostic-therapeutic pathways for specific pathologies; dispensing of drugs that patients are presently obliged to collect at hospitals; patient monitoring: electronic medical record and pharmaceutical file).


There are 4,119 rural pharmacies in Italy, serving approximately 5 million inhabitants.


At least 500 rural pharmacies benefitting of the measure by December 2023; and at least 2,000 rural pharmacies benefitting of the measure by June 2026.


Requalification and reuse of property confiscated to mafias
M5C3 Investment 2 – €300 million

The measure aims to return to the community a significant number of confiscated properties for economic and social development purposes (including job creation), and ensure concrete enhancement of legality conditions to support a more transparent economy and the fight against organised crime.


  • Promoting the economic, social and civil development of areas hit by organised crime
  • Fostering conditions for a transparent market economy
  • Guaranteeing greater opportunities for growth and employment in Southern regions, for legality and social justice
  • Social housing for people in conditions of exclusion (women and children victims of violence, people at risk of poverty, homeless, etc.)
  • Integration through public spaces regeneration, by implementing citizen services
  • Socio-cultural meeting spaces for young people, managed by associations or voluntary networks
  • Employment support for youth and people at risk of exclusion, through public interest products and services within spaces open to creativity, innovation and social enterprises
  • Legality and security across the territory
  • Reception, mediation and integration facilities for migrants.



Citizens, territorial administrations, and Third Sector organisations in Southern regions.


At least 100 interventions for requalification and reuse of confiscated property by June 2025, and at least 200 interventions by June 2026.

Find info on the measure in the Italia Domani website


Structured socio-educational interventions to counter educational poverty in Southern Italy in support of the Third Sector
M5C3 Investment 3 – €220 million

The measure aims at countering educational poverty in Southern regions by financing Third Sector initiatives to enhance socio-educational services in favour of minors. Focus: care services for 0-6 year old children; countering school drop-out; and improving the educational offer for 5-10 and 11-17 year old children/minors. Several public notices are envisaged, in addition to refinancing a previously set up intervention.


  • Providing minors with socio-educational services, complementing the 2021-2027 cycle of European Cohesion Policy
  • Supporting the Third Sector in Southern regions.


Minors residing in Southern Italy’s regions.


At least 20,000 minors involved in educational projects by June 2023, and a total of at least 44,000 minors by June 2026.

Find info on the measure in the Italia Domani website

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